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Rizal, Kalinga— A field day and harvest festival was held last March 16, 2018, in Rizal, Kalinga, to celebrate the culmination of the Department of Agriculture’s (DA) “Precision Rice Farming, Model Farm, and Hybridization Program,” that was undertaken here.
The Rice Crop Manager software (RCM) was utilized by the agency to maximize annual rice harvests of the farmers customized to their particular climate, season, and location in this research. Its outcome will guide farmers in judging and selecting the most competitive and efficient hybrid rice variety suited to their farms in the coming cropping season.
The project is successfully done and its replication by the farmers themselves is seen to advance the current administration’s thrust toward rice self-sufficiency for the country.
With a motorcade participated by 347 farmers in their motorbikes and vehicles, local government officials from the province and DA-CAR, the 10 model farms which showcased the 10 successful hybrid rice varieties for the dry season were visited.
The DA provided the seeds, namely; Habilis Plus, Pioneer 73, Pioneer 77, Pioneer 79, SL8, TH82, NK3017, RH9000, Syngenta 6003, and Bigante Plus. These varieties were planted in a total land area of 2,802 hectares distributed among the barangays of Babalag East, Babalag West, Bulbul, Calaocan, Kinama, Liwan East and West, Macutay, Romualdez, San Francisco, San Pascual, San Pedro, San Quintin, and Santor. Department of Agriculture-CAR Regional Executive Director, Narciso Edillo converses with farmers about the performance of hybrid rice variety, Habilis Plus.
Department of Agriculture, Cordillera’s Regional Executive Director, Narciso Edillo converses with farmers about the hybrid rice variety, Habilis Plus.
Yield Results and ROI(%) are presented as follows:
The yield results of the hybrid rice varieties and their respective return-on-investment (ROI) are presented as follows: VARIETY YEILD PER HECTARE (kg) ROI(%) CostofProduction hp/kg 1. Bigante Plus 7,739.00 142.92 7.20 2. Habilis Plus 5,256.00 97.83 9.10 3. Pioneer 73 7,131.00 From the national average of 4.8metric tons yield (as of 2017) per hectare for inbred rice, the techno demo in Rizal, revealed that the hybrid rice, Bigante Plus leads at 7.7metric tons per hectare, followed by Pioneer 79 at 7.6 and TH 82 at 7.4metric tons. However, NK 3017’s ROI results are the highest at 150% followed by TH 82; 149% and Pioneer 79; 147%.
Meanwhile, the production cost per kilogram of all the hybrid varieties thwarts the national average of PHP 10 to 12 per kilogram with a PHP 7.20 for Bigante Plus, PHP 7.22 for TH 82 and PHP 7.27 for Pioneer 79.
A farmer counting the tiller per rice plant of the Habilis Plus.
Besides yield per hectare and ROI (%), the report also showed morphological characteristics such as height, maturity, length of the pinnacle, tiller, and total grain. Cost and return analysis showed to the farmers' results on price per kilogram, gross income, production cost, net income, and production cost per kilogram of their rice harvest.//Kheyna Capuyan
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The Department of Agriculture-Cordillera Administrative Region (DA-CAR) and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)- CAR in collaboration with the Philippine Coffee Council hold a Kapihan at the DA Conference Hall, Guisad, Baguio City on March 15, 2018.
The Kapihan was undertaken to promote the 3rd Philippine Coffee Conference on March 20-21, 2018.
Present during the said event were Engr. Danilo Daguio, DA-CAR Regional Technical Director (RTD) for Operations; Dr. Cameron Odsey, Regional Technical Director for Research and Regulations; Myrna Pablo, Regional Director of DTI-CAR; Oliver Oliem, chairman of the Cordillera Regional Coffee Council; Shirley Palao-ay, President of the Tuba, Benguet Coffee Growers Association (TuBengCOGA), Charles Matnao of of the Trentwood Plant Nursery; and Gemma Ngelangel, owner of the Goldfish Brew & Brew who served as panel speakers at the same time.
In support to the coffee industry in Cordillera, RTD Odsey discussed what the Department of Agriculture has done in the past years to boost the production of coffee. He said that the DA-CAR has been very supportive to the coffee industry through the High Value Crops Development Program (HVCDP) in CAR.
“In fact, we have some major investments on coffee. In 2017, around 20 million was invested for the coffee industry specifically in nurseries, planting materials and processing equipment such as dehullers, depulpers among others. This year (2018), the department expanded its support by providing trainings on technologies that would increase the production of coffee such as rejuvenation,” he added.
Furthermore, he said that DA is focusing on increasing production since it is not even enough to supply local demands. He added that one of the strategies now to boost production is to encourage the farmers to plant coffee even in their backyards and intercrop it with other cash crops.
“The biggest incentives for the farmers to go into coffee production is the increasing demand which is very high because data shows that even in our local communities, there is a demand for coffee. If we could show the farmers to appreciate even coffee backyard farming and that he can generate income from it, they will plant and care for coffee,” Odsey said.
On the other hand, RTD Daguio also said that the support of the Philippine Rural Development Project to the Cordillera has been premised on promoting and advancing the coffee industry. He stated that one of the main reasons why farmers are being convinced to shift to planting other cash crops is the immediate need of cash, they are converting their coffee farms to other cash crops where they could generate more income considering the production cycle.
RTD Daguio also encouraged the participation and cooperation of everyone in supporting the coffee industry since the Department of Agriculture cannot do it alone.
The 3rd Philippine Coffee Conference Kapihan sa Baguio is one of the preliminary activities for the upcoming 3rd Philippine COffee Conference. With the success of the 2nd Philippine Conference in 2016 held in Baguio City, the city will now be hosting again for the third time and this will be held at the Hotel Supreme on March 20-21, 2018.//Rebecca Dibdiben